As with many illnesses, the best cure is prevention.
- Getting the flu vaccination is one of the most effective ways to prevent catching and spreading the flu virus. This is available from your local GP, however your only certain high risk people may qualify for the vaccination. See NSH Direct for upto date information.
- Wash your hands often with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds to help remove bacteria and viruses. Wash before and after eating, after you have been in a public place, after using the washroom, after coughing and sneezing and after touching surfaces that may have been contaminated. An alcohol-based hand sanitizer is also effective in killing viruses.
- In most cases, the flu virus enters the body through the eyes, nose or mouth. Ensure you wash your hands and face often to prevent infection.
- Cough and sneeze into your arm, not your hand. If you use a tissue, dispose of it as soon as possible and wash your hands.
- Keep common surface areas clean and disinfected. This includes doorknobs, light switches, telephones, keyboards and other surfaces can become contaminated with all kinds of bacteria and viruses. Regular cleaning and disinfecting of these surfaces with normal household disinfectants can help. Viruses can live on hard surfaces for up to 48 hours.
- If you think you have the flu, you should stay home from school or work until your symptoms are gone. If your symptoms get worse, call your health care provider.